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How to rescue a diversity and inclusion program headed for failure

In this excerpt from Unleashed: The Unapologetic Leader's Guide to Empowering Everyone Around You, co-authors Frances Frei and Anne Morriss discuss diversity and inclusion program issues.

The recent widespread protests against racism brought diversity and inclusion issues to the forefront, and they've put more pressure on leaders to take a stand.

For workplace leaders, that means the time has come to shine a light on why so many workplace diversity and inclusion efforts fail. Pushing for better work environments built around trust, empowerment and inclusivity is key.

That's the takeaway from co-authors Frances Frei and Anne Morriss' book, Unleashed: The Unapologetic Leader's Guide to Empowering Everyone Around You. The book covers some steps well-known organizations, such as Uber and WeWork, have taken to address issues in their workplace culture and, in turn, improve their leadership skills.

One of the issues touched on in the book is the failure to launch diversity and inclusion strategies in the workplace, a complicated subject built on years of both unconscious and conscious bias.

Frances FreiFrances Frei

"Here's the main problem with not doing as much as you can, as quickly as you can, to promote inclusion: Failing to act in the presence of bias is demoralizing and inhumane," Frei and Morriss wrote. "Once you've identified systemic barriers to the contributions of your fellow human beings, delays can be interpreted as comfort with their inequity and unrealized potential."

With the right initiative, however, HR leaders can direct cultural change by listening to employees, encouraging new ideas and keeping the momentum going.

Anne MorrissAnne Morriss

The following is an excerpt from Chapter 4 on signs your workplace inclusion and diversity program is headed for failure and what to do to turn it around.

Ten signs your organization is stalling

Let's say you're making progress toward a more inclusive operating environment, but you suspect your colleagues are trying to slow you down. Resistance to change can show up in many forms, some of them hard to decipher. The following ten signs reveal that your organization is digging in its heels:

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Unleashed: The
Unapologetic Leader's
Guide to Empowering
Everyone Around You
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  1. A task force has been assigned to the problem. A small, intrepid team of reformers is one thing; indeed, it's among the most important tools for accelerating action. Most task forces, it turns out, do not fi t this profile. If your organization is pushing you to rely on a structure like this that's outside the typical chain of command, make sure it's a mechanism with the legitimacy and decision rights to make a difference.
  2. You're being thanked for your time and effort. If you suspect you're being indulged and dismissed, then you probably are. By the way, this is not the same thing as being disagreed with, which is a perfectly acceptable response to you. Your obligation as a change maker is to make the persuasive case for your ideas. Your colleagues' obligation is to engage with them in good faith, not to meet all of your demands.
  3. People doubt whether the organization (really) has a problem. Be prepared for your colleagues to push back on the diagnosis that the company has an inclusion problem. Hard truths are, by definition, difficult to face, and this is particularly true for data that confirm a tolerance for bias (or worse). Stay strong. Be fluent in the evidence you've gathered and also in resonant stories about the cost of barriers to everyone's full participation.
  4. You're asked to respond to the grave concerns of unidentified critics. These exchanges often start with some variation on, "As your friend, I think you should know what people are saying." This is usually a tactic to keep you in check rather than empower you with information. Don't take the bait and react to rumor and hearsay. Encourage your critics to reveal themselves so that you can engage directly with their concerns, which may very well be valid. Collaboration happens in daylight.
  5. The specter of "legal issues" is being invoked. The antidote to this one is to work directly with the legal team, which is often made up of people who are far more creative, flexible, and solutions oriented than the detractors who are using their name. Lawyers are rarely the risk-intolerant killjoys they're made out to be by non-lawyers, so partner with them early.
  6. Your colleagues point out all the other things that are changing. This critique assumes there's some kind of measurable limit on a firm's capacity to absorb positive change—and you're getting dangerously close to that line. People tend to underestimate their company's capacity to adapt to a better reality, as well as the true cost of continued inaction. We'll say it again, for the absence of doubt: failing to act in the presence of bias is demoralizing and inhumane.
  7. You keep hearing about a future state where the conditions for change will be much, much better. This may be the most common expression of resistance we see, the fantasy that it's going to be easier to change things at some point in the future. In our experience, this is almost never the case, and the opposite is usually true. The clarity and momentum you have right now are tremendous assets, but they're also perishable ones. In most cases, the "fierce urgency of now" wins the day, particularly when the well- being of the people around you is on the line.
  8. The timeline for action is growing. This is another common delay tactic, a proposed antidote to the concerns expressed in numbers six and seven. Your ideas are embraced at a conceptual level, but the timetable for change keeps being extended. Treat this development as an existential threat to your mission. When it comes to promoting inclusion—a mission so critical to the health of your organization—the right time to act is now.
  9. Your colleagues think they can wait you out. Management thought leader Earl Sasser calls this "kidney stone management," the assumption that this too shall pass. Make it absolutely clear that you're not going anywhere, preferably with a smile. If it takes showing up at someone's office door with a cup of coffee (just the way they like it) every morning until you get the meeting, then so be it. That tactic, by the way, has never failed us.
  10. You keep hearing, "We've already tried that." Some version of your proposed actions may have been tried before. If so, do the work to understand that history. Figure out whether the strategy or execution of past efforts was flawed and learn as much as possible from whatever went wrong. Regardless, context changes, including the very material context of your willingness to lead on these issues. You haven't tried before, which can make all the difference.

Editor's note

This excerpt is from Unleashed: The Unapologetic Leader's Guide to Empowering Everyone Around You, authored by Frances Frei and Anne Morriss, published by Harvard Business Review Press.

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